The Dark Side of Rev. Sun Myung Moon
Part 14, The Bush-Kim-Moon Triangle of Money
By Robert Parry
March 10, 2001
At this past week’s summit, George W. Bush and South
Korean President Kim Dae Jung disagreed publicly on how to deal with communist
North Korea – Bush advocated a harder line. But the two leaders have
a little-known bond in common: the political largesse of the Rev. Sun Myung
For more than three decades, Moon, the founder of the South
Korea-based Unification Church, has spun a worldwide spider's web of influence,
connecting to hundreds of powerful leaders through the silken threads of
his mysterious money.
Moon’s beneficiaries include the Bush family and, according
to U.S. intelligence reports, Kim Dae Jung.
Though seldom discussed publicly, the Moon-Bush connection
has been reported before – and detailed in this publication. But Moon’s
financial links to Kim Dae Jung – a longtime dissident who opposed
the authoritarian governments that ruled South Korea during the Cold War
– have remained secret.
U.S. intelligence stumbled onto the Moon-Kim connection while
monitoring South Korean political developments in 1987.
By that time, Moon’s Unification Church already had
built close ties to the Reagan-Bush administration, especially through Moon's
funding of conservative causes and his $100-million-a-year subsidy of the
right-wing Washington Times, hailed by Ronald Reagan as his “favorite”
Back in South Korea, however, Moon's longtime coziness with
his home nation's autocratic rulers was strained. Moon was on the outs with
the ruling Democratic Justice Party (DJP), the U.S. Defense Intelligence
Agency noted in a cable dated Sept. 10, 1987.
“The UC (Unification Church) … has not been happy
with the somewhat cold treatment it has received under the current DJP government,”
the DIA cable reported.
In response to this chilliness, Moon secretly began financing
several opposition figures, the DIA reported. One was a longtime Moon ally,
Kim Jong Pil, not to be confused with North Korea's current leader Kim Jong
By the late 1980s, Kim Jong Pil had a long record of association
with Moon. A 1978 U.S. congressional investigation into the so-called “Koreagate”
influence-buying scandal reported that Kim Jong Pil founded the South Korean
CIA in the 1960s and assisted Moon's Unification Church in building its
influence in Japan and the United States.
The congressional investigation concluded that Kim Jong Pil
and the South Korean CIA helped Moon expand his church into a well-financed
international organization. They then used Moon's organization to buy influence
inside the U.S. government, the congressional investigation found.
Kim Jong Pil also had served as South Korean prime minister
in the early 1970s. In 1987, however, Kim Jong Pil was out of power and
considering a run for the South Korean presidency.
The DIA Reports
According to the Defense Intelligence Agency, Kim Jong Pil was one
of the candidates who benefited from Moon’s estrangement from the
ruling Democratic Justice Party.
“Kim Jong-Pil is reportedly receiving financial and
organizational support for his KS (South Korean) presidential bid from the
controversial Unification Church,” the DIA reported in its Sept. 10,
But Moon’s organization did not stop with its old ally.
The DIA discovered that Moon was hedging his bets by putting money into
the hands of Kim Dae Jung and other leaders of the Reunification Democratic
“Cult trying to win influence with the next KS government
while defeating the current ruling party's candidate,” read the title
of another DIA report dated Sept. 22, 1987.
“The controversial Unification Church (UC) is actively
funneling large amounts of political funds to opposition Reunification Democratic
Party (RDP) advisor Kim Dae-Jung, … RDP president Kim Young-Sam, …
and former KS prime minister Kim Jong-Pil for their campaigns for KS president,
leaving out only the ruling party candidate, Democratic Justice Party (DJP)
president Roh Tae-Woo,” the DIA report said.
“The UC wants to see Roh defeated and is funneling large
amounts of political funds to Roh's three opponents with the expectation
that it will have influence with whomever of the three should end up as
the next president.” [I obtained these DIA reports under a Freedom
of Information Act request.]
Eventually, the race boiled down to a contest between Roh
Tae Woo, Kim Dae Jung and Kim Young Sam. On Dec. 16, 1987, Roh won with
36 percent of the vote. Kim Young Sam got 28 percent and Kim Dae Jung received
27 percent. Kim Jong Pil garnered only 8 percent. [For details on the election,
see The Two Koreas by Don Oberdorfer.]
Though losing that round, Moon’s beneficiaries did better in
the years that followed. Kim Jong Pil again became prime minister, a post
he held from 1998 to early 1999. Kim Dae Jung became president in 1998 and
also won the Nobel Peace Prize.
Through the years, Kim Dae Jung did not advertise his ties
to Moon. Kim's association with the theocrat who considers himself the new
Messiah has remained discreet, with the two men generally avoiding contact
One exception came on Feb. 1, 1999, when Moon and his wife
– known to their followers as the “True Parents” –
were holding a celebration at the Lotte Hotel in Seoul. To the surprise
of Moon’s followers, Kim Dae Jung arrived and enthusiastically joined
the couple in their ceremony.
According to the Unification News, the church's internal newsletter,
the Lotte Hotel event was “the first time President Kim appeared in
public with our True Parents.”
Though less secret, Moon’s relationship with the Bush
family also remains little known to most Americans. Moon's organization
has paid the Bush family directly – for speeches in the 1990s –
but the alliance appears to have grown primarily through Moon’s extravagant
financial support for The Washington Times, which has consistently backed
the Bushes politically.
After its founding in 1982, The Washington Times staunchly
supported some of the Reagan-Bush administration’s most controversial
policies, such as the contra war in Nicaragua.
When the contra operation was embarrassed by initial public
disclosures of contra drug trafficking in 1985-86, The Washington Times
led the counterattack, criticizing journalists and congressional investigators
who uncovered the first evidence of the problem.
Those attacks helped cement a conventional wisdom in the Washington
political community that the contra-drug allegations were bogus, a belief
that persisted until 1998 when the CIA's inspector general admitted that
dozens of contra units were implicated in cocaine trafficking and that the
Reagan-Bush administration had hidden much of the evidence. [See Robert
Parry’s Lost History.]
The Washington Times also led the charge against Iran-contra
special prosecutor Lawrence Walsh in the late 1980s and early 1990s. The
newspaper's rear-guard defense of its allies proved important when Walsh's
investigation threatened to break through the long-running White House cover-up
that was protecting Bush’s assertion that he was “out of the
loop” on the scandal. [For details on The Washington Times' role,
see Walsh’s book, Firewall.]
During national political campaigns, Moon’s Washington
Times was especially influential, mounting harsh – and often inaccurate
– attacks on the Bush family's adversaries.
In 1988, when George H.W. Bush was running for president,
The Washington Times publicized false rumors about the mental health of
Democratic candidate Michael Dukakis, an important first step in raising
doubts about the Massachusetts governor.
President George H.W. Bush grew so appreciative of The Washington
Times that in 1991, he invited its editor-in-chief, Wesley Pruden, to the
White House for a private lunch. Bush explained that the purpose of the
lunch was “just to tell you how valuable the Times has become in Washington,
where we read it everyday.” [WT, May 17, 1992]
In Bush’s 1992 reelection campaign, The Washington Times
was helping again, spreading new false rumors that Bill Clinton might have
betrayed his country during a college trip to Moscow, possibly being recruited
by the KGB as a spy.
After George H.W. Bush lost in 1992, The Washington Times shifted
from defense to offense. The newspaper became a leading conservative weapon
in mounting attacks on the Clinton administration.
During the Bush family’s years out of power, Moon put
money directly into their pockets, too. Moon-affiliated organizations paid
for speeches by former President Bush in the United States, Asia and South
America. Sometimes, Barbara Bush joined her husband in these appearances.
The price tag for the speeches has been estimated at from
hundreds of thousands of dollars to $10 million, a figure cited to me by
a senior Unification Church official in the mid-1990s. The elder Bush has
refused to divulge how much money he received from Moon-affiliated organizations.
During one 1996 appearance in Buenos Aires, Argentina, the
senior Bush went beyond a mere speech to act as a kind of international
lobbyist for the Moon organization.
At the time, Moon was planning to launch a new newspaper,
Tiempos del Mundo, and his supporters were upset over critical coverage
in South American newspapers. The South American press was pointing out
Moon’s close association with right-wing “death-squad”
governments of the 1970s and the so-called “Cocaine Coup” regime
in Bolivia in the early 1980s.
Moon's defenders were forced to issue public denials that
Moon's mysterious source of wealth came from drug trafficking and other
These allegations were threatening the Tiempos del Mundo launch,
Moon's followers feared. But Moon had a special weapon to prove his respectability:
the endorsement of the 41st president of the United States.
Bush arrived on Nov. 22, 1996, and stayed with Argentine President
Carlos Menem at his official residence. The next day, Bush gave the keynote
address at the newspaper’s inaugural dinner.
“Mr. Bush’s presence as keynote speaker gave the
event invaluable prestige,” wrote the Unification News. “Father
[Moon] and Mother [Mrs. Moon] sat with several of the True Children [Moon’s
offspring] just a few feet from the podium.”
Bush lavished praise on Moon and his journalistic enterprises.
“I want to salute Reverend Moon,” Bush said. “A lot of
my friends in South America don’t know about The Washington Times,
but it is an independent voice. The editors of The Washington Times tell
me that never once has the man with the vision interfered with the running
of the paper, a paper that in my view brings sanity to Washington, D.C.”
Bush's endorsement wasn't exactly accurate. A stream of editors
and correspondents have left The Washington Times, complaining about the
interference of Moon's operatives. But Moon's followers believed Bush's
intervention stanched the flow of negative press stories and saved the day.
In those eight years of the Bush family's hiatus from power, Moon
also grew increasingly anti-American, often telling his followers that the
United States was “Satanic.” He vowed to build a movement powerful
enough to absorb America and eliminate what Moon saw as America's destructive
tendencies toward individualism.
“Americans who continue to maintain their privacy and
extreme individualism are foolish people,” Moon told his followers
during one speech on Aug. 4, 1996. He then said, “Once you have this
great power of love, which is big enough to swallow entire America, there
may be some individuals who complain inside your stomach. However, they
will be digested.”
During the 2000 campaign, The Washington Times was back helping
the Bush family achieve its political restoration. Day after day, the newspaper
published articles undercutting Democrat Al Gore – even questioning
his sanity – while boosting the candidacy of George W. Bush.
In late 1999, The New York Times and The Washington Post created
a controversy by misquoting Gore as claiming credit for starting the Love
Canal toxic-waste cleanup. The two newspapers quoted Gore as saying "I
was the one that started it all" when in fact he was referring to a
similar Tennessee toxic-waste case and said, "that was the one that
started it all."
Yet, with the bogus quote touching off a wave of media ridicule
about Gore's supposed lack of credibility, The Washington Times eagerly
joined the pack and returned to its old game of questioning the sanity of
its political enemies.
A Washington Times editorial termed Gore “delusional”
and stated, “The real question is how to react to Mr. Gore’s
increasingly bizarre utterings.” The editorial went on to call Gore
“a politician who not only manufactures gross, obvious lies about
himself and his achievements but appears to actually believe these confabulations.”
[WT, Dec. 7, 1999]
Even after The New York Times and The Washington Post corrected
their misquote, The Washington Times continued to use the bogus quote.
On Dec. 31, 1999, Moon's newspaper published a column entitled
"Liar, Liar; Gore's Pants on Fire." The column repeated the false
quote and concluded that "when Al Gore lies, it's without any apparent
The media drumbeat about Gore’s supposed lies –
often built on similar press exaggerations and outright errors – became
a key element of the 2000 campaign. Many Republican strategists viewed the
widespread perception of Gore as untrustworthy as crucial in holding down
Gore's vote and clearing George W. Bush's route to the White House.
Now, with the Bush family back in charge, Moon’s organization
appears in line for some financial payback. George W. Bush’s plan
to funnel government money into religious charities is expected to be especially
profitable for Moon's front groups that are organized as non-profit charities.
The Rev. Pat Robertson, the conservative televangelist, is
among those who have raised the alarm about how Bush’s "faith-based"
initiative could line Moon's pockets.
On the "700 Club" television program, Robertson
warned that Moon’s Unification Church could become one of the financial
“beneficiaries of the proposal to expand eligibility for government
grants to religious charities.” [Washington Post, Feb. 22, 2000]
Besides the possibility of collecting U.S. taxpayers’
money, Moon also continues to benefit from a determined see-no-evil stance
of the U.S. government toward Moon’s political-religious-business
Widespread evidence exists of money-laundering by Moon’s
operation – including first-hand statements by church insiders including
his former daughter-in-law. But this evidence simply disappears into a black
hole of federal indifference.
Moon’s business dealings with communist North Korea,
dating back to 1991 and the first Bush administration, also have prompted
no official U.S. reaction.
Based on what is known publicly, Moon would appear to be in
violation of the long-standing U.S. trade embargo against North Korea. That
embargo covered Moon because he is a legal U.S. resident – possessing
a "green card" – and thus required to abide by U.S. sanction
According to other DIA documentation that I obtained under
FOIA, Moon delivered millions of dollars in secret payments to North Korea’s
top officials – including current communist leader Kim Il Song.
Those payments, in the early-to-mid 1990s, came at a time
when the communist regime was desperate for hard currency to support its
development of nuclear weapons and long-range missiles.
Ironically, it is that arms buildup that George W. Bush now
cites as a chief reason for postponing further negotiations with North Korea
– and for spending tens of billions of dollars to build a U.S. nuclear
"Star Wars" shield.
During this past week’s summit, South Korea’s
president Kim Dae Jung disagreed with Bush over the cessation of talks with
North Korea. Bush attacked the North Koreans as untrustworthy.
Yet, behind the scenes -- though perhaps not fully apparent
to either man -- was this odd connection linking the Bush family, Kim Dae
Jung and the communist leaders of North Korea.
It was the secret bond of Rev. Sun Myung Moon’s mysterious
Robert Parry is a veteran investigative reporter, who broke
many of the Iran-contra stories in the 1980s for The Associated Press and
Newsweek. Robert Parry's latest book is Secrecy & Privilege: Rise
of the Bush Dynasty from Watergate to Iraq. It can be purchased at
It's also available at
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