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Israeli Bestseller Breaks National Taboo
Idea of a Jewish people invented, Says Historian


http://educate-yourself.org/cn/jewishpeopleinvented30nov08.shtml
November 30, 2008

Israeli Bestseller Breaks National Taboo: Idea of a Jewish people invented, Says Historian (Nov. 30, 2008)

----- Original Message -----
From: Dick Fojut
To: Pat Buchanan
Sent: Sunday, November 30, 2008
Subject: "Palestinians were the descendants of area's original Jews." - Israeli Prof. Shlomo Sand

From Dick Fojut in Tucson, Arizona <r.fojut@worldnet.att.net>
-------------------------
Israeli Bestseller Breaks National Taboo.
Idea of a Jewish people invented, says historian.

Pat, now that Obama, as Bush before him, is filling his administration with aggressive Jewish Zionists like Chief of Staff Rahm Emanuel (dedicated supporter and promoter of the State of Israel's policies) and with a majority in Congress (and Christian-Zionist leaders) being slavishly obedient to the demands of Israel's Zionist Lobby, Israeli Professor SHLOMO SAND'S book "When and How Was the Jewish People Invented?" SHOULD be must reading for ALL Americans!

In my opinion, especially must reading for millions of American Christians persuaded that "God" demands they totally support and defend the supposedly "biblical" STATE OF ISRAEL (with its majority population of European-origin "Jewish Ashkenazis") - even to the extreme of sacrificing American lives attacking Iraq and Iran, "enemy" countries that Israel's government has targeted as "threats" to the tiny State of Israel.
(Tiny "frightened" Israel, with its estimated 600 nuclear warheads and enormously powerful conventional armed forces - second only to the U.S. in the Middle East!)

Before Congress and Obama CONTINUE (Biblically) supporting the on going (unreported) Israeli STATE TERRORISM being inflicted on the starving Gaza Palestinians, they should at least read the following excerpt of Professor Sand from the below article:

"It is not taught in Israeli schools but most of the early Zionist leaders, including David Ben Gurion [Israel's first prime minister], believed that the Palestinians were the descendants of the area's original Jews. They believed the Jews had later converted to Islam."


BOOK REFUTING JEWISH TABOO ON ISRAEL'S BESTSELLER LIST
- Jonathan Cook, Foreign Correspondent <jcook@thenational.ae>
October 06, 2008
http://www.thenational.ae/article/20081006/FOREIGN/279853798

TEL AVIV // No one is more surprised than Shlomo Sand that his latest academic work has spent 19 weeks on Israel's bestseller list - and that success has come to the history professor despite his book challenging Israel's biggest taboo.

Dr Sand argues that the idea of a Jewish nation - whose need for a safe haven was originally used to justify the founding of the state of Israel - is a myth invented little more than a century ago.

An expert on European history at Tel Aviv University, Dr Sand drew on extensive historical and archaeological research to support not only this claim but several more - all equally controversial.

In addition, he argues that the Jews were never exiled from the Holy Land, that most of today's Jews have no historical connection to the land called Israel and that the only political solution to the country's conflict with the Palestinians is to abolish the Jewish state.

The success of When and How Was the Jewish People Invented? looks likely to be repeated around the world. A French edition, launched last month, is selling so fast that it has already had three print runs.

Translations are under way into a dozen languages, including Arabic and English. But he predicted a rough ride from the pro-Israel lobby when the book is launched by his English publisher, Verso, in the United States next year. In contrast, he said Israelis had been, if not exactly supportive, at least curious about his argument. Tom Segev, one of the country's leading journalists, has called the book "fascinating and challenging".

Surprisingly, Dr Sand said, most of his academic colleagues in Israel have shied away from tackling his arguments. One exception is Israel Bartal, a professor of Jewish history at Hebrew University in Jerusalem. Writing in Haaretz, the Israeli daily newspaper, Dr Bartal made little effort to rebut Dr Sand's claims. Paradoxically, he dedicated much of his article instead to defending his profession.

He suggested that Israeli historians were not as ignorant about the invented nature of Jewish history as Dr Sand contends.

The idea for the book had come to him many years ago, Dr Sand said, but he waited until recently to start working on it. "I cannot claim to be particularly courageous in publishing the book now," he said. "I waited until I was a full professor. There is a price to be paid in Israeli academia for expressing views of this sort."

Dr Sand's main argument is that until little more than a century ago, Jews thought of themselves as Jews only because they shared a common religion. At the turn of the 20th century, he said, Zionist Jews challenged this idea and started creating a national history by inventing the idea that Jews existed as a people separate from their religion.

Equally, the modern Zionist idea of Jews being obligated to return from exile to the Promised Land was entirely alien to Judaism, he added.

"Zionism changed the idea of Jerusalem. Before, the holy places were seen as places to long for, not to be lived in. For 2,000 years Jews stayed away from Jerusalem not because they could not return but because their religion forbade them from returning until the messiah came."

The biggest surprise during his research came when he started looking at the archaeological evidence from the biblical era.
"I was not raised as a Zionist, but like all other Israelis I took it for granted that the Jews were a people living in Judea and that they were exiled by the Romans in 70AD.

"But once I started looking at the evidence, I discovered that the kingdoms of David and Solomon were legends. "Similarly with the exile. In fact, you can't explain Jewishness without exile. But when I started to look for history books describing the events of this exile, I couldn't find any. Not one.

"That was because the Romans did not exile people. In fact, Jews in Palestine were overwhelming peasants and all the evidence suggests they stayed on their lands."

Instead, he believes an alternative theory is more plausible: the exile was a myth promoted by early Christians to recruit Jews to the new faith. "Christians wanted later generations of Jews to believe that their ancestors had been exiled as a punishment from God."

So if there was no exile, how is it that so many Jews ended up scattered around the globe before the modern state of Israel began encouraging them to "return"?

Dr Sand said that, in the centuries immediately preceding and following the Christian era, Judaism was a proselytising religion, desperate for converts. "This is mentioned in the Roman literature of the time."

Jews travelled to other regions seeking converts, particularly in Yemen and among the Berber tribes of North Africa. Centuries later, the people of the Khazar kingdom in what is today south Russia, would convert en masse to Judaism, becoming the genesis of the Ashkenazi Jews of central and eastern Europe.

Dr Sand pointed to the strange state of denial in which most Israelis live, noting that papers offered extensive coverage recently to the discovery of the capital of the Khazar kingdom next to the Caspian Sea. Ynet, the website of Israel's most popular newspaper, Yedioth Ahronoth, headlined the story: "Russian archaeologists find long-lost Jewish capital." And yet none of the papers, he added, had considered the significance of this find to standard accounts of Jewish history.

One further question is prompted by Dr Sand's account, as he himself notes: if most Jews never left the Holy Land, what became of them?

"It is not taught in Israeli schools but most of the early Zionist leaders, including David Ben Gurion [Israel's first prime minister], believed that the Palestinians were the descendants of the area's original Jews. They believed the Jews had later converted to Islam."

Dr Sand attributed his colleagues' reticence to engage with him to an implicit acknowledgement by many that the whole edifice of "Jewish history" taught at Israeli universities is built like a house of cards.

The problem with the teaching of history in Israel, Dr Sand said, dates to a decision in the 1930s to separate history into two disciplines: general history and Jewish history. Jewish history was assumed to need its own field of study because Jewish experience was considered unique.

"There's no Jewish department of politics or sociology at the universities. Only history is taught in this way, and it has allowed specialists in Jewish history to live in a very insular and conservative world where they are not touched by modern developments in historical research.

"I've been criticised in Israel for writing about Jewish history when European history is my specialty. But a book like this needed a historian who is familiar with the standard concepts of historical inquiry used by academia in the rest of the world."

Jonathan Cook <jcook@thenational.ae>


Comments (1)
Added: 10/07/08

This academic research confirms the suspicion of many that the claimed justification for the establishment of an Israeli state in the centre of the Muslim Middle East, just 60 years ago, was, and is, one of the most damaging confidence tricks ever perpetrated on a gullible world. Political Zionism is merely a highly successful European-based movement, barely a hundred years old, that has unfortunately destabilised the global community in a spectacular fashion over the past few decades. This has succeeded with the help of the evangelical Christian lobby in the U S that has misinterpreted a biblical narrative to further a new-style religious belief that the messiah will not come until all Jews live in Palestine.
This illogical and impossible premise is supported by tens of millions of Christian Zionists in America who whilst having no interest, per se, in Judaism are quite prepared to support a political movement that makes no sense, has no valid justification and no historical basis.
C U Vaird, London
© Copyright of Abu Dhabi Media Company FZLLC.
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Supporting articles...

SHATTERING A 'NATIONAL MYTHOLOGY'
- By Ofri Ilani

http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article21019.htm

(Excerpts only) 15/10/08 "Haaretz" -- Of all the national heroes who have arisen from among the Jewish people over the generations, fate has not been kind to Dahia al-Kahina, a leader of the Berbers in the Aures Mountains. Although she was a proud Jewess, few Israelis have ever heard the name of this warrior-queen who, in the seventh century C.E., united a number of Berber tribes and pushed back the Muslim army that invaded North Africa. It is possible that the reason for this is that al-Kahina was the daughter of a Berber tribe that had converted to Judaism, apparently several generations before she was born, sometime around the 6th century C.E.
According to the Tel Aviv University historian, Prof. Shlomo Sand, author of "Matai ve'ech humtza ha'am hayehudi?" ("When and How the Jewish People Was Invented?"; Resling, in Hebrew), the queen's tribe and other local tribes that converted to Judaism are the main sources from which Spanish Jewry sprang. This claim that the Jews of North Africa originated in indigenous tribes that became Jewish - and not in communities exiled from Jerusalem - is just one element of the far- reaching argument set forth in Sand's new book.
------------------------------------
Zionist nationalist myth of enforced exile
ISRAEL DELIBERATELY FORGETS ITS HISTORY
http://mondediplo.com/2008/09/07israel

- By Schlomo Sand
An Israeli historian suggests the diaspora was the consequence, not of the expulsion of the Hebrews from Palestine, but of proselytising across north Africa, southern Europe and the Middle East.
----------------------------
THE WANDERING WHO?
- By Gilad Atzmon 02/09/08
http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article20675.htm
----------------------------
(About the "Khazars," converts to the religion of Judaism around 850 AD)...

THE AMAZING WARNINGS OF BENJAMIN FREEDMAN
From Bible Believers.org.au 11-26-8
http://www.rense.com/general34/amaz.htm

(Excerpts only)...
Benjamin Freedman (loyal Jewish Zionist-insider until 1945): What are the facts about the Jews? (I call them Jews to you, because they are known as "Jews". I don't call them Jews myself. I refer to them as "so-called Jews", because I know what they are). The eastern European Jews, who form 92 per cent of the world's population of those people who call themselves "Jews", were originally Khazars. They were a warlike tribe who lived deep in the heart of Asia. And they were so warlike that even the Asiatics drove them out of Asia into eastern Europe. They set up a large Khazar kingdom of 800,000 square miles. At the time, Russia did not exist, nor did many other European countries. The Khazar kingdom was the biggest country in all Europe -- so big and so powerful that when the other monarchs wanted to go to war, the Khazars would lend them 40,000 soldiers. That's how big and powerful they were.

They were phallic worshippers, which is filthy and I do not want to go into the details of that now. But that was their religion, as it was also the religion of many other pagans and barbarians elsewhere in the world. The Khazar king became so disgusted with the degeneracy of his kingdom that he decided to adopt a so-called monotheistic faith -- either Christianity, Islam, or what is known today as Judaism, which is really Talmudism. By spinning a top, and calling out "eeny, meeny, miney, moe," he picked out so-called Judaism. And that became the state religion. He sent down to the Talmudic schools of Pumbedita and Sura and brought up thousands of rabbis, and opened up synagogues and schools, and his people became what we call "Jews".

There wasn't one of them who had an ancestor who ever put a toe in the Holy Land. Not only in Old Testament history, but back to the beginning of time. Not one of them! And yet they come to the Christians and ask us to support their armed insurrections in Palestine by saying, "You want to help repatriate God's Chosen People to their Promised Land, their ancestral home, don't you? It's your Christian duty. We gave you one of our boys as your Lord and Savior. You now go to church on Sunday, and you kneel and you worship a Jew, and we're Jews."
But they are pagan Khazars who were converted just the same as the Irish were converted. It is as ridiculous to call them "people of the Holy Land," as it would be to call the 54 million Chinese Moslems "Arabs." Mohammed only died in 620 A.D., and since then 54 million Chinese have accepted Islam as their religious belief.


 



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