Transmutation on the Ocean Bottom
By Zuerrnnovahh-Starr Livingstone
June 20, 2011
Transmutation on the Ocean Bottom by ZS Livingstone (June 20, 2011)
One of the great mysteries on Earth is: Why is the ocean floor so cold?
At 10,000 feet deep most of the ocean waters are about 4 degrees Centigrade or 38.4 degrees Fahrenheit. At two miles deep geothermal temperatures are a between 28 and 32.5 degrees C. or 76.8 and 84 degrees F.
A great part of the ocean floor is 10,000 feet deep with the subduction trenches double and triple that depth. Life is found at the deepest levels of the 36,000 foot Mariana's Trench. If the water was warm following the geothermal norms of rock there would be less ocean life. Life would be different throughout the oceans. Surface temperatures would be higher and evaporation greater. The climate of the land would be different too.
At 4 degrees C. water holds the highest levels of oxygen and water is at its densest.
If the ocean bottom was 84 degrees F. the fish would not have as much oxygen. Warm water carries less oxygen.
Another mystery is how the oxygen finds its way to the deepest parts of the ocean as the thermoclines prevent oxygenated surface water from reaching bottom.
Black smokers or geothermal vents follow the Ring of Fire around the edge of the Pacific Ocean and create radically different ecologies of white crabs and pink/orange tube worms using sulphides as their energy source. These areas are a tiny fraction of the ocean floor. Still the surrounding water temperature averages 4 degree C. Mysteries and more mysteries.
The bottom water temperature of Lake Superior is 4 degrees C. Most deep water lakes have cold basements too.
The Arctic Ocean has water under the ice at minus 2.5 degrees C or 28 degrees F. The salt keeps the ocean from freezing and the temperature never goes cold enough to freeze the whole ocean into a block of salty ice.
There is a temperature regulating mechanism preventing ocean waters from going too cold or too hot. The mechanism appears to be as complicated as the one keeping our body temperature at 37 degrees C. or 98.6 degrees F.
I believe bacteria is transmuting methane seeping up from ten kilometres or more deep under the ocean floor into ammonia, oxygen and water in a series of fusion reactions.
CH4 in a "protein vice" portal on the outer membrane of bacteria has one of hydrogen atoms squeezed into the nucleus of the carbon atom creating nitrogen. This results in the formation of NH3, or ammonia. This ammonia is then used to create many of the proteins in the bacteria. Nitrogen is in all protein.
The "fixing" of nitrogen is a mystery too.
A second transmutation takes the ammonia to another "protein vice" portal squeezing another hydrogen into the nucleus of the nitrogen resulting in the creation of oxygen. Either elemental oxygen could be liberated or a molecule of water could be the result.
As the pressures are great at 10,000 feet depth the vice qualities of the proteins in the transmutations may not be much greater than normal co-covalent bonds. Hundreds of different transmutations may be happening among the thousands of different bacteria.
These fusion transmutations do not emit gamma rays or any radiation. There is no loss or gain in mass. Generally, as entropy is lost in fusion transmutations the reactions are often but not always endothermic.
The ocean bottom is cooled by these transmutations.
If the water gets too cold the bacteria stops transmuting. Then geothermal heat from below warms the water reactivating the bacteria. The ocean bottom "thermostat" is precisely set for 4 degrees C.
The cooling of the thin crust under the oceans makes the basalt plains more rigid. Generally there is less seismic activity on the ocean floor due to ocean cooling.
Methane from Abiotic Sources deep in the crust is converted into fish protein, oxygen and the water of the ocean itself.
With the large releases of methane under the Gulf of Mexico by deep drilling and nuclear fracking of the basalt plain large quantities of methane ice have piled up on the bottom. Given time the bacteria will eat all the methane keeping the Gulf deep waters cool and making a lot of fish food. The use of Corexit emulsifier sinking the red coloured petroleum to the bottom will in time be transmuted by the bacteria.
The radioactivity in the petroleum, fall-out from the August 19 2009 nuclear blast 10 kilometres under the alluvial fan of the Mississippi will also be transmuted by the bacteria. In biological systems radioactivity drops fifteen times faster than in a test tube.
The practise of the US Navy to drop decommissioned nuclear reactors in the ocean depths may be the best solution for long term elimination of such materials. The bacteria eats the iron into "rusticles" as seen on the Titanic at 10,000 feet deep and transmutes toxic radioactive elements fifteen times faster than in underground bunkers.
Zinc and other metals in concentrates have been discovered on the ocean bottom. The oceans have treasures hidden in their depths. The greatest treasure is the bacteria keeping the oceans cool.
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